10 facts about the fauna of Costa Rica
- Published: Friday, 21 August 2015 06:41
Located between two continents and two seas, Costa Rica is a biological bridge bursting with life and natural wonders. For such a small country, slightly smaller than Lake Michigan, it offers some of the most amazing varied wildlife.
Here are some facts about Costa Rica’s wildlife:
1. Costa Rica is home to around 175 amphibians, 85% of which are frogs.
2. When a red-eyed tree frog detects an approaching predator, it abruptly opens its eyes and stares at the predator.
Red-eyed tree frog
3. Representatives of all three orders of amphibians (caecilians, salamanders, and frogs and toads) are found in Costa Rica.
4. Costa Rica is home to nearly 250 species of mammal.
5. 894 bird species have been recorded in Costa Rica (including Cocos Island), more than all of the United States and Canada combined.
6. There are over 260 species of carnivores, the majority of which feed primarily on meat.
7. Though sloths are quite common in Costa Rica, they suffer from stress when in touch by humans, it’s heart rate rapidly increases if held by strangers. The name "sloth" means "lazy", but the slow movements of this animal are actually an adaptation for surviving on a low-energy diet of leaves.
8. Among turtles, 5 of the world's 7 species of sea turtles nest on the nation's beaches.
9. Ten percent of known butterfly species worldwide reside in Costa Rica.
10. Costa Rica is home to more than 500,000 species, which represents nearly 4% of the total species estimated worldwide, making Costa Rica one of the 20 countries with the highest biodiversity in the world.